Where can I put the buddy machine best.
In principle, it does not matter which place the incubator puts down.
It is important that the room is dry and ventilated. If the incubator is in a heated room, then it is logical that the incubator uses less power than when the machine is in a cold room.
The recommended temperature for the room is between 10-25 degrees.
How do I use the incubator?
A hatching machine is usually delivered ready for use. You only need to put the plug in the wall socket.
After switching on the incubator, it takes some time before the electronics indicate a correct value.
Let the incubator run another day after programming to allow it to warm up completely and check that the temperature remains constant.
Hygiene and the incubator
Hygiene is also very important in the machine brood. If the incubator is not cleaned or disinfected on time, the humid warm air will quickly form germs which are generally very dangerous for the chicks.
If possible, clean the incubator thoroughly after each hatch. Especially after the outcome of the eggs a thorough cleaning and everything to disinfect is necessary.
Clean the bottom and the rest of the incubator with a damp cloth and a normal household cleaner (remember whether the incubator is switched off so plug out of the wall socket).
After cleaning, the incubator must still be disinfected in order to destroy possible germs. This can be done with Detol, Chlorine water or another agent.
After the incubator has been disinfected, everything should be well aerated.
You can clean the brood and hatches with a brush. At the end of the breeding season, clean the incubator again and disinfect well and leave it open for a few days to allow it to dry properly.
If you put the machine out of operation, you must open the rosettes for the ventilation.
When can I put my hatching eggs in and how do I do that best?
It is important that the temperature is constant at 37.8 degrees before insertion. The humidity may not exceed 50% during the first few days.
And if everything is set and the incubator has rotated for a few hours, you can put in the eggs. Never use eggs that are damaged, dirty or older than 10 days.
The eggs should not be kept too hot and turned daily. Keep the eggs in a room that is not warmer than 15 degrees. Also do not use eggs that differ in weight.
Too small eggs also give too small chicks that are often weak. Place the eggs on the appropriate roller-shell.
The eggs are placed in the baskets with the tip of the egg down. Avoid laying the eggs together as this can lead to broken eggs during turning.
And then another important tip, if you pick up eggs you can never wash them if they are dirty. Then you remove the protective layer from the egg and bacteria can enter the egg. So you reduce the chances of hatching the eggs.
Where should I pay attention during the breeding season?
Provide plenty of fresh air in the hatching room. Fresh air is very important for a successful brood. The chicks die when there is a shortage of fresh air.
The fresh air supply can be controlled with the air rosettes on the incubator.
The correct air humidity value is decisive for the breeding result during the entire breeding period. If they are too dry, the chicks do not develop well and do not emerge during the outcome.
If you brood too "drown" the chickens in the eggs. The breeder must have 'fingerspitzengefuhl' here.
Setting the right humidity is different for each incubator. The correct humidity is usually between 45% - 50% during the pre-incubation and approximately between 68% - 71% during the outcome.
To set the correct humidity, proceed as follows. Fill the water containers with water. After some time, the hygrometer at the door indicates a humidity level. You can change this mode as follows; put the water bowls as far as possible to the sides and close the air rosette (s) almost.
The humidity will now rise. If the air rosette (s) is opened and the containers are placed in the middle of the incubator, the humidity will decrease.
During hatching, a higher humidity is achieved by, for example, putting hot water in the water containers.
You can also put an extra bowl of water in the incubator. The decisive factor is not the quantity but the size of the water surface.
Important: If possible, use distilled water i.v. lime scale in the water containers.
The temperature must be between 37.6 degrees and 37.8 degrees. During the outcome, the temperature is reduced by about 0.2 degree because the temperature of the eggs rises during the last 3 days.
With some poultry species it is necessary to allow the eggs to cool down during the breeding season.
That is absolutely essential for water and ornamental water birds. One proceeds as follows.
From the 3rd breeding day, the eggs are taken out of the incubator once a day for about 15 to 20 minutes and moistened with a plant spray to enhance the cooling effect.
The best one can use lukewarm water. During this time the incubator will continue. Approximately 3 days before the outcome of the eggs, cooling can be stopped.
Looking at the eggs.
You can watch the eggs after about 7 days. With light eggs about after 5 days and with dark eggs about after 9 days.
It is best to use an original candlelight. If an egg is fertilized, you will see a germ in the middle of the egg that has small veins.
An unfertilized egg is usually clear. Schouwen is important, you get space in the incubator and the "dirty" eggs can be taken out of the incubator in time.
It also makes sense to look at the eggs a week before the outcome to make sure that no germs have died.
3 Days before the outcome, you transfer the eggs from the rollerholes to the outcome tray.
Now slowly increase the humidity and open the incubator as little as possible. Opening the machine causes too low humidity, causing the membranes of the eggs to dry out. The chicks will then no longer be able to move around in the egg in order to peel the skin away. ATTENTION!
Now let the temperature drop to 37.6 degrees because the self heat of the eggs increases.
When the first chicks are released, wait until they are well dry.